Tuesday, March 6, 2012

Diva Info: Celebrity Nick Cannon Diagnosed With Lupus







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Any of you who follow celebrity news know that Nick Cannon, t.v. and radi host, father of twins, and husband to Mariah has been in and out of the hospital at the beginning of the year. The cause for his visits were his kidneys and lungs. There has been many a speculation as to what landed him in the hospital, some assumed it was steroid as he was seen working out a lot lately. They were wrong, he had lupus nephritis. He recently revealed he was diagnosed with this autoimmune disease that attacks his kidneys. His kidneys were also the reason for blood clots in his lungs.

For those of you who are unfamiliar with this disease, lupus is a chronis autoimmune disease that comes in several forms and can damage seeveral parts of the body such as skin, joint, and or organs. When a disease or condition is describes as chronis, it means symptoms last longer than six weeks and can last for years. In lupus, the autoimmune system, which is the part of the body that fights off viruses, bacteria, and germs does not function normally. Usuallly our immune system produces proteins called antibodies that protect the body from these invaders. Autoimmune means your immune system cannot tell the difference between these foreign invaders and your body’s healthy tissues ("auto" means "self") and creates autoantibodies that attack and destroy healthy tissue. These autoantibodies cause inflammation, pain, and damage in various parts of the body. Lupus is an autoimmune disease of flares (symptoms emerge) and remissions (symptoms are dormant). It can range from mild to life threatening. With proper medical care, those with lupus can lead a healthy and fulfilling life.


Systemic Lupus Erythematosus





Systemic lupus is the most common form of lupus(and the kind I was diagnosed with), and is what most people mean when they refer to "lupus." Systemic lupus can be mild or severe. Some of the more serious complications involve major organ systems. Nick Caonnon was diagnosed with lupus nephritis, which causes inflammation of the nephrons, which are the structures in the kidneys that filter blood. This inflammation makes the kidneys incampable of properly removing waste from the blood or control the amount of fluids in the body. Symptoms incude unexplained swelling of the feet, ankles, legs, fingers, and arms. I addition, blood in the urine, hightened blood pressure, urine appears foamy, and frequent urination especially at night. DISCLAIMER:NOT ALL KIDNEY ISSUESE ARE DUE TO LUPUS NEPHRITIS. CONSULT WITH A DOCTOR, IF YOU NOTICE A CHANGE IN YOUR NORMAL BODY FUNCTIONS.
Other major system complications include, an increase in blood pressure in the lungs (pulmonary hypertension), inflammation of the nervous system and brain, which can cause memory problems, confusion, headaches, and strokes, inflammation in the brain’s blood vessels, which can cause high fevers, seizures, behavioral changes, and hardening of the arteries (coronary artery disease), which is a buildup of deposits on coronary artery walls that can lead to a heart attack.
 
Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus
Cutaneous refers to the skin, and this form of lupus is limited to the skin. Although there are many types of rashes and lesions (sores) caused by cutaneous lupus, the most common rash is raised, scaly and red, but not itchy. It is commonly known as a discoid rash, because the areas of rash are shaped like disks, or circles. Another common example of cutaneous lupus is a rash over the cheeks and across the bridge of the nose, known as the butterfly rash. Other rashes or sores may appear on the face, neck, or scalp (areas of the skin that are exposed to sunlight or fluorescent light), or in the mouth, nose, or vagina. Hair loss and changes in the pigment, or color, of the skin are also symptoms of cutaneous lupus. Approximately 10 percent of people who have cutaneous lupus will develop systemic lupus. However, it is likely that these people already had systemic lupus, with the skin rash as their main symptom.
 
Drug-induced Lupus Erythematosus
Drug-induced lupus is a lupus-like disease caused by certain prescription drugs. The symptoms of drug-induced lupus are similar to those of systemic lupus, but only rarely will any major organs be affected. The drugs most commonly connected with drug-induced lupus are hydralazine (used to treat high blood pressure or hypertension), procainamide (used to treat irregular heart rhythms), and isoniazid (used to treat tuberculosis). Drug-induced lupus is more common in men because they are given these drugs more often; however, not everyone who takes these drugs will develop drug-induced lupus. The lupus-like symptoms usually disappear within six months after these medications are stopped.
 
Neonatal Lupus
Neonatal lupus is a rare condition that affects infants of women who have lupus and is caused by antibodies from the mother acting upon the infant in the womb. At birth, the infant may have a skin rash, liver problems, or low blood cell counts, but these symptoms disappear completely after several months with no lasting effects. Some infants with neonatal lupus can also have a serious heart defect. With proper testing, physicians can now identify most at-risk mothers, and the infant can be treated at or before birth. Most infants of mothers with lupus are entirely healthy.
 
 
Causes of Lupus
No one knows what causes lupus. Researchers believe that lupus is caused by a combination of genetics (heredity), hormones, and environmental factors that act to “trigger” the illness or bring on a flare. Some known triggers are: ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun, tanning beds, or fluorescent lights drugs which make a person more sensitive to the sun; for example, sulfa drugs such as Bactrim® and Septra® (trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole) and tetracycline drugs such as minocycline (Minocin®) penicillin or other antibiotic drugs, such as amoxicillin (Amoxil®), ampicillin (Ampicillin Sodium ADD-Vantage®), and cloxacillin (Cloxapen®) viral or bacterial infections physical stress, such as injury, illness, or surgery emotional stress, such as divorce, illness, or death in the family vaccinations containing live virus.
 
 
Lupus Facts
*Lupus is not contagious, not even through sexual contact. You cannot "catch" lupus from someone or "give" lupus to someone.
*Lupus is not like or related to cancer. Cancer is a condition of malignant, abnormal tissues that grow rapidly and spread into surrounding tissues. Lupus is an autoimmune disease
*Lupus is not like or related to HIV (Human Immune Deficiency Virus) or AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). In HIV or AIDS the immune system is underactive; in lupus, the immune system is overactive
*Research estimates that at least 1.5 million Americans have lupus. The actual number may be higher; however, there have been no large-scale studies to show the actual number of people in the U.S. living with lupus
 *It is believed that 5 million people throughout the world have a form of lupus
*Lupus strikes mostly women of childbearing age (15-44). However, men, children, and teenagers develop lupus, too
*Women of color are 2-3 times more likely to develop lupus *People of all races and ethnic groups can develop lupus *More than 16,000 new cases of lupus are reported annually across the country
 
 
For additional info on lupus check out the Lupus Foundation of America, Inc. at http://www.lupus.org/
 
Source:Lupus Foundation of America, Inc. http://www.lupus.org/
 
 
 
XO,
Diva

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